Records indicate that the state of Ohio had 4,734 men present during the Battle of Gettysburg. Of these, 158 were killed, 691 wounded and another 258 missing.
There were 368 men serving in Ohio regiments from Trumbull County at Gettysburg. Approximately 210 of the 368 were in the 6th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry from Warren who were not directly involved in the battle because they were assigned the duty of protecting the Union wagon trains in the rear.
The remaining 158 men were part of Gen. John Geary's 2nd Division of the 12th Army Corps. Ninety five of the men were with the 7th Ohio Volunteers; 33 were with the 29th Ohio Volunteers.
Of these 158 men, there were none killed in action and only 11 wounded.
However, these numbers do not reflect the intensity and courageous efforts of those who represented Ohio during this horrendous battle.
To get to Gettysburg, the men had to march an average of 22 miles per day for 19 days, or 418 total miles. This was accomplished in very poor and hazardous conditions as the heat of the summer was at its peak and hovered between 80 and 90 degrees every day. It was extremely dry which caused dusty conditions on the march and a lack of enough water. Animals and humans alike suffered greatly just to get to the battlefield.
Gettysburg by the numbers
After the battle, 37,574 rifles were left lying on the battlefield and were collected, of those:
24,000 were still loaded
6,000 had one round in the barrel
12,000 had two rounds in the barrel
6,000 had three to 10 rounds in the barrel
The Trumbull Countians were not involved in the battle of the first day. However, they were very much involved on July 2 and 3. Geary was assigned the task of protecting Culp's Hill and the men responded with great vigor and intensity. A soldier of the 7th Ohio described the activities during the heat of the battle on Culp's Hill as follows:
"We lay behind our solid breastworks, obeying the command to reserve our fire until the enemy line of battle was well up the slope and in easy range, when the command 'Front rank - ready - aim low - fire' was given and executed, and immediately the rear rank the same, and kept this up as long as the enemies line remained unbroken.
''When the men had shot off their 60 or so rounds they carried, a reserve regiment would be drawn up under cover behind them, and at the word of command the reinforcements would rush forward to replace the first batch of troops, who would filter back a short distance one by one. There they would reform, clean their guns, replenish their cartridge boxes, and rest until it was their turn again.
''This is the first time our regiment ever fought behind breastworks or fortifications, and all agree it is a pretty good way to fight."
Below is an outline of their activities and results as described by Lawrence Wilson, the official historian of the 7th Ohio. He was a sergeant in the 7th and was originally from Southington.
During the mighty struggle between the Confederates and the Union Forces for possession of Culp's Hill at Gettysburg on July 2 and 3, 1863, the "Stonewall Brigade," with its accustomed gallantry, pushed well up to the entrenchments. But they were prevented by a most galling and deadly fire from reaching them.
The line of battle halted, and being unable to advance, could not retreat, but sought shelter behind rocks and trees until the storm of battle should moderate. With a terrible fire raging from friend and foe, this midway position was exceedingly disastrous and had to be abandoned.
A white cloth was raised and as soon as it was discovered by Col. William R. Creighton of the Seventh Ohio Infantry, the order was given to cease fire and an invitation extended to "come in!" Up sprang seventy-eight Confederates, many of them members of the Fourth Regiment Virginia Infantry, some of them sorely wounded, who hurriedly approached our lines and were welcomed with outstretched hands to a place of safety.
Just as this occurred, looking well to our front in the forest, an officer was seen approaching as if to prevent further surrender. On his splendid mount he pushed up toward our line, with singular disregard for his personal safety, until well within reach of our Springfield rifles.
As he advanced, the firing from the Confederates broke out with renewed vigor, and was promptly and cordially met by us from the brow of the hill. Down went horse and rider to rise no more.
After the battle, it was discovered that this brave and reckless officer was no less a personage than Maj. Benjamin Watkins Leigh, chief of staff, who had rendered heroic service with Gen. Edward Johnson, who commanded a division in Gen. Ewell's corps of the Army of Northern Virginia.
Col. William R. Creighton, of the Seventh Regiment Ohio Infantry, First Brigade, Second Division, Twelfth Army Corps, said in his official report: "About 11 o'clock, July 3, I observed a white flag thrown out from the rocks in front of our entrenchments, and immediately ordered my men to cease firing, when seventy-eight of the enemy advanced and surrendered, including three captains, two first lieutenants and two second lieutenants.
''At the time the white flag was raised a mounted rebel officer, Maj. Leigh, of Gen. Ewell's staff, was seen to come forward and endeavor to stop the surrender, when he was fired upon by my men and instantly killed.''
Compiled by members of the CW150 Committee of Warren's Sutliff Museum.